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Activities
Children constantly develop and change, therefore, the environment where they spend their day should provide for their changing needs. According to Maria Montessori a “prepared environment” is an environment designed to facilitate maximum independent learning and exploration by the child.

In a Montessori preschool there are materials designed to stimulate a child at any stage of the sensitive periods. Each child is encouraged to choose their own activites from those they have knowledge of and work with them for as long as they please and at their own pace. These might be activities that focus on logical and mathematical thinking, art, practical tasks, reading and writing or activities that stimulate the senses like hearing, smell and sight. Physics and botanical activities are prepared from time to time. All activities are thoughtfully and logically built up and progress from easy to difficult and concrete to abstract to make it easier for the child to understand and manage tasks that in another setting would have been too difficult.



 

Montessori preschools all over the world use the same materials. The practical activities are inspired by children’s everyday life and activities children have seen their parents or other adults perform. Therefore, these activities will vary with different cultures. In our culture children may learn how to mop the floor, clean the windows, cook or take care of flowers and plants. The children will also learn to wash their hands, use a napkin, to politely ask someone to pass the food to them during meals or to place their chair carefully by the table. It is important that the materials are presented in an orderly and appealing way. We believe that if the environment looks nice and tidy, then it is easier for the children to treat it with respect. If children are given the opportunity, they enjoy caring for themselves and for the things around them.